The transformation and upgrading of the hottest st

2022-08-04
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The transformation and upgrading of iron and steel enterprises should be grafted with the latest Internet technology. On April 28, CISA released the key statistics of iron and steel enterprises in the first quarter. The industry as a whole changed from profit to loss, with a loss of 2.329 billion yuan and a cumulative loss of 45.45%. How can the iron and steel industry get out of the crisis in the context of China's declining economic growth and economic restructuring? On April 28, CISA released the data on the operating procedures for the key statistical iron and steel enterprises 2. Mortar tensile testing machine in the first quarter. The industry as a whole changed from profit to loss, with a loss of 2.329 billion yuan and a cumulative loss of 45.45%. How can the iron and steel industry get out of the crisis in the context of China's declining economic growth and economic restructuring? A senior personage in the industry said that as the world's largest steel producer, China still needs to import more than 10million tons of high-end steel every year. Plate and strip is the largest variety in terms of import volume, accounting for more than 85%. Among them, the import volume of coated plate, cold rolled sheet and strip, medium and thick wide band steel and electrical steel plate with high added value ranks in the top four. Most of the high-end steel used in large and super large transformers, high-end automobiles, high-end household appliances, wind power, nuclear power and other fields comes from imports. The low-end surplus and the high-end shortage make the overall profit margin of China's iron and steel industry low. In 2014, restricted by many factors, such as shrinking demand, tight capital and weak expectations, the price decline was intensified. Luobaihui believes that the transformation and upgrading of iron and steel enterprises should be grafted with the latest Internet technology, innovate the operation mode, optimize the logistics mode and develop e-commerce. At present, as a whole, China's iron and steel industry is more traditional in optimizing the logistics mode. Iron and steel enterprises have participated in the development of e-commerce, and there is huge room for improvement in the future

the first quarter of this year was the most difficult period for the iron and steel industry since the beginning of the new century, which was summarized by zhangchangfu, vice president of China Iron and Steel Association. In the first quarter, the cumulative output of pig iron, crude steel and steel was 179.7051 million tons, 202.7001 million tons and 261.41 million tons respectively; At the same time, the domestic market demand was insufficient, the steel inventory increased significantly, the price continued to fall, the profit was negative RMB 2.329 billion, a year-on-year decrease of RMB 5.604 billion, and the economic benefits of the steel industry fell sharply

although the State Council made a deployment on capacity reduction in the steel industry last year, the effect is still not obvious. In 2013, China added about 40million tons of steel-making capacity. At the end of March 2014, the maximum social inventory reached 19.41 million tons, an increase of 43.65% over the beginning of the year. In such a severe industrial situation, there are still many new projects in many places

high end shortage and low end surplus

data show that in 2013, the total imported steel was 14.0776 million tons, an increase of 420100 tons year-on-year, an increase of 3.08%; 551900 tons of billets, 59000 tons of ingots and 610900 tons of billets in total; Equivalent to about 15.59 million tons of crude steel imports

In terms of

export, such as tensile strength, constant elongation and constant elongation, the cumulative export in 2013 was 62.3375 million tons, an increase of 6.6054 million tons or 11.85% year-on-year; There are 40000t steel billets, 0300t steel ingots and 4300t billets in total. Because we have high requirements for the quality inspection of shoelaces; Equivalent to 66.32 million tons of crude steel exports

since last year, the State Council and other governments at all levels have strictly controlled the new production capacity in terms of design. However, there are still many new steel projects under construction in many places. Zhangchangfu, vice president of CISA, feels great pressure and hopes that the spirit and measures of the State Council to resolve overcapacity can be implemented. He believes that the low price and disorderly competition in the steel market, the entry of a large number of illegal production and low-quality ground bars into the market, and the commencement of enterprises that fail to meet environmental protection standards have exacerbated the industry crisis

merger and reorganization is the top priority for the industry to get out of the dilemma

Miao Changxing, deputy director of the industrial policy department of the Ministry of industry and information technology, believes that small and scattered is an important reason for the plight of the iron and steel industry. At the 2014 (5th) China Iron and steel planning forum, miaochangxing said that China is relatively scattered and the scale effect is not obvious, leading to excessive and disorderly competition, improving market control ability and enhancing enterprise competitiveness, and even endangering the bargaining power of iron ore resources. In order to optimize and expand iron and steel enterprises, the next step of reconstruction is essential. Enterprise merger and reorganization is the top priority for the industry to get out of the dilemma

lixinchuang, Executive Deputy Secretary General of China Iron and Steel Industry Association and President of metallurgical industry planning and Research Institute, believes that insufficient R & D investment is an important reason. In 2012, the R & D expenditure for ferrous metal mining and dressing industry was 610million yuan, accounting for only 0.07% of the main business income; The R & D expenditure for ferrous metal smelting and rolling industry is 62.79 billion yuan, accounting for only 0.88% of the main business income, far behind the level of developed countries

the high capital cost has overwhelmed the steel industry. According to statistics, in 2013, the financial expenses of key iron and steel enterprises reached 78.62 billion yuan, 3.4 times the profits; The average asset liability ratio of iron and steel enterprises was 69.4%

in addition, the export of the steel industry has been subject to anti-dumping investigations repeatedly. According to statistics, at the end of 2013, the United States has launched a combined anti-dumping and countervailing investigation on China's oriented electrical steel and non oriented electrical steel. On April 24 this year, Mexico launched an anti-dumping investigation on cold-rolled steel plates to China. The deteriorating international environment has greatly restricted the pace of China's steel export

transformation and upgrading and Internet technology grafting

how to get out of the dilemma, the prescription issued by CISA is, first of all, to provide financial support, implement the credit policy with pressure, and support the development of advantageous enterprises; Secondly, in terms of policies, we should increase the support of fiscal and tax policies to promote the transformation and upgrading of enterprises

insiders believe that the transformation and upgrading of iron and steel enterprises should be grafted with the latest Internet technology, innovate the operation mode, optimize the logistics mode and develop e-commerce. At present, as a whole, China's iron and steel industry is more traditional in optimizing the logistics mode. Iron and steel enterprises have participated in the development of e-commerce, and there is huge room for improvement in the future

according to preliminary statistics, more than 40 open steel e-commerce platforms have been launched in recent years. Baosteel, Hebei Iron and Steel Co., Ltd., Valin, Nanjing Iron and Steel Co., Ltd. and Masteel have actively explored and achieved certain results

as the pace of large-scale construction slows down, coupled with the expanding production capacity and the deteriorating international export environment, it is an inevitable trend that the benefits of China's iron and steel industry are declining day by day, and it is inevitable to eliminate backward production capacity. Only by facing up to the difficulties, following the trend and realizing transformation and upgrading, can we ensure the healthy development of the industry

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