The hottest port of Rotterdam may become the world

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Rotterdam port may become the world's first port of automation

The Netherlands is expected to build the most efficient cargo port in history, which will be powered by wind and will achieve a high degree of automation

the booming port of Rotterdam in the Netherlands is the largest port in Europe, through which most of Europe's import and export shipping business passes. About 34000 ships pass through Rotterdam port every year, carrying 120000 sea containers. Each container can accommodate 27 freezers, 175 bicycles, or 2500 pairs of jeans

Rotterdam port is still moving forward, and it is planned to have a freight capacity of 320000 containers by 2035. However, the port is short of land resources. How to expand? The Rotterdam Port Authority has approved a $4billion MAS plain Reclamation Phase II project (Maasvlakte 2), which once again requires more land from the sea, and will turn the 4 square miles and 66 feet deep ocean into dry land. In this way, Rotterdam port will likely become the most advanced port in the world. The new construction facilities will include the following parts. The container automatic dispatching vehicle will use 13 tons of batteries to replace the diesel power generation in the past. At the same time, its water depth is enough to accommodate the current and even future super ships. So far, the dredger has obtained more than 7billion cubic feet of sand from the sea to build a new port site, and its first wharf will be opened next year. By 2035, after the completion of the port planning and construction, the port will carry more containers. It is estimated that the containers carried by the port can be connected every month and can circle half the equator


modern container terminals generally dispatch no more than 30 containers per hour. The automation equipment of MAS plain Reclamation Phase II project will greatly improve the overall efficiency, with an increase of up to 50%. People can remotely control the ship shore crane in the office. The ground automation vehicle will transport 1 to 2 containers under the guidance of the road transponder. There is no need to wait from selling by ton to selling by piece. These vehicles equipped with built-in hydraulic elevators will be able to unload containers by themselves. What is more gratifying is that the pollution and noise of diesel engines will no longer exist, and the power supply will mainly rely on 13 tons of rechargeable lead-acid batteries. Every 8 hours, the vehicle will enter the battery exchange station operated by the robot to replace the battery


the world's largest container ship, the CMA CGM Marco Polo, is larger than the aircraft carrier, and the future super ship may be larger. This is because the more cargo the ship carries, the lower the freight cost. The Marco Polo can carry 16000 containers, which requires a port at least 53 feet deep. The berth of Mars plain Reclamation Phase II project is 6 feet deeper than the required depth, and the new port will be able to accommodate ships carrying 18000 containers or even more

more environmentally friendly

if the world shipping industry is a country, its carbon emissions will rank sixth in the world relying on the PLM system of the whole product life cycle. However, the port of Rotterdam is promoting electric container dispatching vehicles, clean hydraulic and land engines, and offshore power tools to dock ships. The port authority plans to assist in the transportation of containers through more efficient railways and inland river vessels by 2030, which will reduce truck traffic by 25%. The energy supply will mainly rely on wind power generation, as well as two coal-fired power plants with a power generation capacity of 110million watts, which will significantly reduce carbon dioxide emissions after the data are correct. The port authority has also launched a large-scale carbon capture and storage demonstration project, which will transfer 1.2 million tons of carbon dioxide into abandoned undersea oil fields every year


in the southern and western edges of Rotterdam port, people covered with wind resistant riparian grass can't guarantee their measurement needs to build beaches and sand dunes, forming a soft seawall. At the same time, in order to protect the northwest of Rotterdam port from stronger storms, engineers designed a more expensive hard seawall: cover the sand with stones, and use 19558 44 ton concrete blocks, which may be the largest concrete block in Europe. Computer simulation results show that the seawall can withstand waves 18 feet above sea level

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